Many men who suffer from an extra X chromosome are not aware that they have it, and lead a normal life. Klinefelter syndrome occurs in about 1 in every 1,000 men.
What causes Klinefelter syndrome?
The presence of an additional X chromosome in males often occurs when genetic material is divided into eggs unevenly. But it can also occur when the genetic material of the spermatozoa divides unevenly. Although the syndrome is a genetic disorder of Klinefelter but is not transmitted from parents to children. Therefore, parents who have a child with Klinefelter syndrome are not more likely than other couples to have another child with the disease.
What are the symptoms?
Many men who have Klinefelter syndrome have no obvious symptoms. Other low body hair, enlarged breasts, and hips wide. Small testes remain in almost all men. In some men’s penis do not reach adult size. Their voices can not be deep. Usually, they can not have children. But you can have a normal sex life.
Some children with Klinefelter syndrome have language and learning problems.
How is the diagnosis of Klinefelter syndrome?
Klinefelter syndrome is usually not diagnosed until puberty. At this point, the testicles of the child do not grow normally can begin to notice other symptoms.
To find out if your child has Klinefelter syndrome, your doctor will ask you questions about your health history, and to examine the physics, and ask for a test called a chromosome karyotype.
In adult men, laboratory tests can be performed in addition to the nuclear pattern, such as hormone testing or the semen analysis, if the suspected Klinefelter syndrome.
If you are pregnant and the risk of a Klinefelter syndrome infected child, tests are performed. Klinefelter syndrome can be detected before birth through genetic testing in cells that were collected from amniocentesis or sampling of amniocentesis of chorionic villi (CVS). But this is not routine.
How is it treated?
You can give men with Klinefelter syndrome testosterone, which is necessary for the development of sex hormones. If the treatment starts around the age of puberty, it can help children to have a more natural body development.
Testosterone is given by injection or through a patch of the skin or gel. Treatment usually lasts a man’s entire life but does not help infertility.
It can help speech therapy and educational support guys who have problems with language or learning.
How can you help your child?
If your child has been diagnosed with Klinefelter’s syndrome:
Identify your feelings. It is natural for parents to feel that they did something to cause Klinefelter’s syndrome. However, this condition is a genetic disorder and was beyond anyone’s control. Allow time to deal with your feelings and your child to talk to a doctor about their concerns.
Educate about this disorder. A common problem for parents is the fear of the unknown. Teaching yourself will help you learn how to help your child.
Support your child. Provide a proper age-appropriate education to Klinefelter syndrome and provide emotional support and encouragement you need. It is said that most men with Klinefelter syndrome go through life with few problems.
To be actively involved in the care of your child. Talk to your doctor about the treatment. If there is a need to provide counseling for behavior problems, or if your child has difficulty reading or has poor verbal skills, and get help from qualified professionals who have experience working with children who have Klinefelter syndrome.
Encourage your child to participate in activities to improve physical motor skills, such as karate, soccer, basketball, baseball, or swimming. For more information, see physical activity for children and adolescents.
Work with your child teachers, the school principal, and the principals of the schools.
Contact on a regular basis to compare what you are doing at home and at school.
In your case, let them be present to hold conversations with your child’s teachers. Use brief notes, phone calls, and meetings to identify and solve problems.